Auditory Neuroscience Laboratory

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Publications by Project

Music   Reading   Speech in Noise   Aging   Bilingualism   Neuroeducation   BioTots   Autism   Technologies

 

Publications by Year

2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999-1990 1989 and earlier

 

2016  top

Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2016) Neurobiology of everyday communication: what have we learned from music? The Neuroscientist. doi: 10.1177/1073858416653593.

Intartaglia B, White-Schwoch T, Meunier C, Roman S, Kraus N, Schön D (2016) Native language shapes automatic neural processing of speech. Neuropsychologia. 89: 57-65.

Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2016) Not-so-hidden hearing loss. Hearing Journal. 69(5): 38-40.

see Hearing Journal Archive

Krizman J, Bradlow AR, Lam SS, Kraus N (in press) How bilinguals listen in noise: linguistic and non-linguistic factors. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition.

Thompson EC, Woodruff Carr K, White-Schwoch T, Tierney A, Nicol T, Kraus N (2016) Hemispheric asymmetry of endogenous neural oscillations in young children: implications for hearing speech in noise. Scientific Reports. 6: 19737.

Tierney A, Kraus N (2016) Getting back on the beat: links between auditory-motor integration and precise auditory processing at fast time scales. European Journal of Neuroscience. 43: 782-791.

Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2016) Complementary factors in processing. Hearing Journal. 69(3): 30-32.

Woodruff Carr K, Tierney A, White-Schwoch T, Kraus N (2016) Intertrial auditory neural stability supports beat synchronization in preschoolers. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience. 17: 76–82.

Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2016) Timescales of auditory processing. Hearing Journal. 69(1): 36-40.

Kraus N, Slater J (2016). Beyond words: how humans communicate through sound. Annual Review of Psychology. 67: 83–103.

Kraus N, Anderson S (in press) Auditory processing disorder: biological basis and treatment efficacy. Translational Research in Audiology, Neuro-otology, and the Hearing Sciences. Le Prell, CG, Lobarinas E, Popper AN, Fay RR, eds. Springer Science+Business Media, Berlin, Germany.

 

2015  top

Music

Slater J, Kraus N (2015) The role of rhythm in perceiving speech in noise: a comparison of percussionists, vocalists and non-musicians. Cognitive Processing. 1-9. doi: 10.1007/s10339-015-0740-7.

Tierney A, Krizman J, Kraus N (2015) Music training alters the course of adolescent auditory development. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 112(32): 10062-10067.

Tierney A, Kraus N (2015) Evidence for multiple rhythmic skills. PLoS One. 10(9): e0136645.

Kraus N, Anderson S (2015) Beat-keeping ability relates to reading readiness. Hearing Journal. 68(3): 54-56.

Thompson EC, White-Schwoch T, Tierney A, Kraus N (2015) Beat synchronization across the lifespan: intersection of development and musical experience. PLoS One. 10(6): e0128839.

Slater J, Skoe E, Strait D, O'Connell S, Thompson EC, Kraus N (2015) Music training improves speech-in-noise perception: longitudinal evidence from a community-based music program. Behavioural Brain Research. 291: 244-252.

Strait DL, Slater J, O'Connell S, Kraus N (2015) Music training relates to the development of neural mechanisms of selective auditory attention. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience. 12: 94-104

Kraus N, Strait DL (2015) Emergence of biological markers of musicianship with school-based music instruction. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 1337: 163-169.

Lee KM, Skoe E, Kraus N, Ashley R (2015) Subcortical distortion products increase the harmonicity of consonant intervals. Music Perception. 32(5): 445-459.

Tierney A, Kraus N (2015) Neural entrainment to the rhythmic structure of music. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 27(2): 400-408.

Lehmann A, Skoe E, Moreau P, Peretz I, Kraus N (2015) Impairments in musical abilities reflected in the auditory brainstem: evidence from congenital amusia. European Journal of Neuroscience. 42(1): 1644-1650.

Kraus N, Slater J (2015) Music and language: relations and disconnections. The Human Auditory System: Fundamental Organization and Clinical Disorders. Handbook of Clinical Neurology 129: 207-222. Celesia G, Hickok G, eds. Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Speech in Noise; Reading; Language

Krizman J, Skoe E, Kraus N (2015) Bilingual enhancements have no socioeconomic boundaries. Developmental Science. doi: 10.1111/desc.12347.

White-Schwoch T, Woodruff Carr K, Thompson EC, Anderson S, Nicol T, Bradlow AR, Zecker SG, Kraus N (2015) Auditory processing in noise: a preschool biomarker for literacy. PLoS Biology. 13(7): e1002196.

Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2015) Listening in the din: a factor in learning disabilities? Hearing Journal. 68(9): 38-40.

Kraus N (2015) Editorial: Building a conceptual framework for auditory learning. Hearing Journal. 68(8): 6-8.

White-Schwoch T, Davies EC, Thompson EC, Woodruff Carr K, Nicol T, Bradlow AR, Kraus N (2015) Auditory-neurophysiological responses to speech during early childhood: effects of background noise. Hearing Research. 328: 34-47

Krizman J, Slater J, Skoe E, Marian V, Kraus N (2015) Neural processing of speech in children is influenced by extent of bilingual experience. Neuroscience Letters. 5: 48-53.

Development

Anderson S, Parbery-Clark A, White-Schwoch T, Kraus N (2015) Development of subcortical speech representation in infant humans. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 137(6): 3346-3355.

Fitzroy A, Krizman J, Tierney A, Agouridou M, Kraus N (2015) Longitudinal maturation of auditory cortical function during adolescence. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 9:530.

Krizman J, Tierney A, Fitzroy A, Skoe E, Amar J, Kraus N (2015) Continued maturation of auditory brainstem function during adolescence: a longitudinal approach. Clinical Neurophysiology. 126: 2348-2355.

Spitzer E, White-Schwoch T, Woodruff Carr K, Skoe E, Kraus N (2015) Continued maturation of the click-evoked auditory brainstem response in preschoolers. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology. 26: 30-35

Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2015) Auditory brainstem development: more than meets the ear. Hearing Journal. 68(7): 30-32.

Skoe E, Krizman J, Anderson S, Kraus N (2015) Stability and plasticity of auditory brainstem function across the lifespan. Cerebral Cortex. 25(6): 1415-1426.

Special Interests

Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2015) Unraveling the biology of auditory learning: a cognitive-sensorimotor-reward framework. Trends in Cognitive Sciences. 19(11): 642-654.

Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2015) cABR: a framework for intervention in listening disorders. Hearing Journal. 68(11): 8-9.

Kraus N, Anderson S (2015) Low socioeconomic status linked to impaired auditory processing. Hearing Journal. 68(5): 38-40.

Skoe E, Krizman J, Spitzer E, Kraus N (2015) Prior experience biases subcortical sensitivity to sound patterns. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 27(1): 124-140.

Kraus N, Anderson S (2015) Identifying neural signatures of auditory function. Hearing Journal. 68(1): 38-40.

Nan Y, Skoe E, Nicol T, Kraus N (2015) Auditory brainstem's sensitivity to human voices. International Journal of Psychophysiology. 95: 333–337.

 

2014  top

Music

Kraus N, Anderson S (2014) Better speech processing in smaller amplitudes. Hearing Journal. 67(3): 48.

Kraus N, Hornickel J, Strait DL, Slater J, Thompson EC (2014) Engagement in community music classes sparks neuroplasticity and language development in children from disadvantaged backgrounds. Frontiers in Psychology, Cognitive Science. 5(1403).

Tierney A, Kraus N (2014) Auditory-motor entrainment and phonological skills: precise auditory timing hypothesis (PATH). Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 8(949).

Kraus N, Anderson S (2014) Community-based training shows objective evidence of efficacy. Hearing Journal. 67(11): 46-47.

Slater J, Strait DL, Skoe E, O’Connell S, Thompson EC, Kraus N (2014) Longitudinal effects of group music instruction on literacy skills in low-income children. PLoS One. 9(11): e113383.

Kraus N, Slater J, Thompson EC, Hornickel J, Strait DL, Nicol T, White-Schwoch T (2014) Auditory learning through active engagement with sound: Biological impact of community music lessons in at-risk children. Frontiers in Auditory Cognitive Neuroscience. 8(351).

Woodruff Carr K, White-Schwoch T, Tierney A, Strait DL, Kraus N (2014) Beat synchronization predicts neural speech encoding and reading readiness in preschoolers. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 111(40): 14559-14564.

Woodruff Carr et al., PNAS Supplemental Information

Kraus N, Slater J, Thompson EC, Hornickel J, Strait D, Nicol T, White-Schwoch T (2014) Music enrichment programs improve the neural encoding of speech in at-risk children. Journal of Neuroscience. 34(36): 11913-11918.

Strait DL, O’Connell S, Parbery-Clark A, Kraus N (2014) Musicians’ enhanced neural differentiation of speech sounds arises early in life: developmental evidence from ages three to thirty. Cerebral Cortex. 24(9): 2512-2521.

Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2014) Music training: lifelong investment to protect the brain from aging and hearing loss. Acoustics Australia. 42(2): 117-123.

Kraus N, Anderson S (2014) Music benefits across the lifespan: enhanced processing of speech in noise. Hearing Review. 21(8): 18-21.

Strait DL, Kraus N (2014) Biological impact of auditory expertise across the life span: musicians as a model of auditory learning. Hearing Research. 308: 109-121.

Kraus N, Zatorre RJ, Strait DL (2014) Editors’ Introduction to Hearing Research Special Issue: Music, a window into the hearing brain. Hearing Research. 308: 1-2.

Kraus N, Zatorre RJ, Strait DL, eds (2014) Music: a window into the hearing brain. Hearing Research Special Issue. 308.

Speech in Noise; Reading; Language

Abrams D, Kraus N (2014) Auditory pathway representation of speech sounds in humans. Handbook of Clinical Audiology. 7: 611-626. Katz J, Hood L, Burkard R, Medwetsky L, eds. Wolters Kluwer, Alphen aan den Rijn, Netherlands.

Kraus N, Anderson S (2014) Toward a biologic index of APD. Hearing Journal. 67(9): 48.

Kraus, N (2014) Editorial: Neural synchrony: opening an umbrella. Hearing Journal. 67(6): 6.

Kraus N, Anderson, S (2014) The ear-brain connection: the role of cognition in neural speech processing. ENT & Audiology News. 23(3): 98-99.

Tierney A, Strait DL, Kraus N (2014) Resting gamma power is linked to reading ability in adolescents. Developmental Science. 17(1): 86-93.

Kraus N, Anderson S (2014) Bilingualism enhances neural speech encoding. Hearing Journal. 67(7): 40.

Krizman J, Skoe E, Marian V, Kraus N (2014) Bilingualism increases neural response consistency and attentional control: evidence for sensory and cognitive coupling. Brain and Language. 128: 34–40.

Special Interests

Skoe E, Kraus N (2014) Auditory reserve and the legacy of auditory experience. Brain Sciences. 4: 575-593.

Anderson S, White-Schwoch T, Choi H J, Kraus N (2014) Partial maintenance of auditory-based cognitive training benefits in older adults. Neuropsychologia. 62: 286-296

Kraus, N., Anderson, S (2014) Bigger is not better: effects of hearing loss on central processing. Hearing Journal. 67(1): 24.

Chandrasekaran B, Skoe E, Kraus N (2014) An integrative model of subcortical auditory plasticity. Brain Topography. 27(4): 539–552.

Strait DL, Slater J, Abecassis V, Kraus N (2014) Cortical response variability as a developmental index of selective auditory attention. Developmental Science. 17(2): 175–186.

Skoe E, Chandrasekaran B, Spitzer E, Wong PCM, Kraus N (2014) Human brainstem plasticity: the interaction of stimulus probability and auditory learning. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory. 109: 82-93.

Kraus N, Nicol T (2014) The cognitive auditory system: the role of learning in shaping the biology of the auditory system. Perspectives on Auditory Research. Springer Handbook of Auditory Research 50: 299-319. Fay R, Popper A, eds. Springer Science+Business Media, Berlin, Germany.

 

2013  top

Music

White-Schwoch T, Woodruff Carr K, Anderson S, Strait DL, Kraus N (2013) Older adults benefit from music training early in life: biological evidence for long-term training-driven plasticity. Journal of Neuroscience. 33(45): 17667-17674.

Tierney A, Krizman J, Skoe E, Johnston K, Kraus N (2013) High school music classes enhance the neural processing of speech. Frontiers in Educational Psychology. 4(855).

Published as part of the special issue on Educational Neuroscience and Constructivist Learning.

Slater J, Tierney A, Kraus N (2013) At-risk elementary school children with one year of classroom music instruction are better at keeping a beat. PLoS One. 8(10): e77250.

Parbery-Clark A, Strait DL, Hittner E, Kraus N (2013) Musical training enhances neural processing of binaural sounds. Journal of Neuroscience. 33(42): 16741–16747.

Skoe E, Kraus N (2013) Musical training heightens auditory brainstem function during sensitive periods in development. Frontiers in Psychology. 4(622). Edited by Virginia Penhune.

Barrett KC, Ashley R, Strait DL, Kraus N (2013) Art and science: how musical training shapes the brain. Frontiers in Psychology. 4(713).

Tierney A, Kraus N (2013) The ability to move to a beat is linked to the consistency of neural responses to sound. Journal of Neuroscience. 33(38): 14981–14988.

Strait DL, O'Connell S, Parbery-Clark A, Kraus N (2013) Biological impact of preschool music classes on processing speech in noise. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience. 6: 51-60.

Tierney A, Kraus N (2013) Neural responses to sounds presented on and off the beat of ecologically valid music. Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience. 7(14).

Parbery-Clark A, Anderson S, Kraus N (2013) Musicians change their tune: how hearing loss alters the neural code. Hearing Research. 302: 121-131.

Kraus N (2013) Playing music to improve hearing in noise and tune the brain. ENT & Audiology News. 22: 92-93.

Kraus N (2013) Facing the music: musicianship's effect on the brain. Canadian Hearing Report. 18: 21-22.

Volume 18 of the Canadian Hearing Report

Tierney A, Kraus N (2013) The ability to tap to a beat relates to cognitive, linguistic, and perceptual skills. Brain and Language. 124: 225–231.

Tierney A, Kraus N (2013) Musical training for the development of language skills. Changing Brains – Applying Brain Plasticity to Advance and Recover Human Ability. 207: 209-241. Merzenich M, Nahum M, Vleet, T, eds. Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Speech in Noise; Reading; Language

White-Schwoch T, Kraus N (2013) Physiologic discrimination of stop consonants relates to phonological ability in pre-readers: a biomarker for subsequent reading ability? Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 7(899).

Kraus N, Anderson S (2013) Treatment for auditory based learning impairments: Evidence Supports Efficacy. Hearing Journal. 66(11): 40.

Kraus N, Anderson S (2013) For reading development, auditory processing is fundamental. Hearing Journal. 66(9): 40.

Kraus, N (2013). 20Q: Noise, aging and the brain - how experience and training can improve communication. AudiologyOnline. 11990.

Hornickel J, Kraus N (2013) Unstable representation of sound: a biological marker of dyslexia. Journal of Neuroscience. 33(8): 3500-3504.

Anderson S, Parbery-Clark A, White-Schwoch T, Kraus N (2013) Auditory brainstem response to complex sounds predicts self-reported speech-in-noise performance. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research. 56(1): 31-43.

Aging

Anderson S, White-Schwoch T, Choi HJ, Kraus N (2013) Training changes processing of speech cues in older adults with hearing loss. Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience. 7(97).

Anderson S, Parbery-Clark A, White-Schwoch T, Drehobl S, Kraus N (2013) Effects of hearing loss on the subcortical representation of speech cues. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 133(5): 3030-3038

Anderson S, Kraus N (2013) Auditory training: evidence for neural plasticity in older adults. SIG 6, Perspectives on Hearing and Hearing Disorders: Research and Diagnostics. 17: 37-57.

Kraus N, Anderson S (2013) Music training: an antidote for aging? Hearing Journal. 66(3): 52.

Anderson S, White-Schwoch T, Parbery-Clark A, Kraus N (2013) Reversal of age-related neural timing delays with training. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 110(11): 4357-4362.

Anderson S, White-Schwoch T, Parbery-Clark A, Kraus N (2013) A dynamic auditory-cognitive system supports speech-in-noise perception in older adults. Hearing Research. 300: 18-32.

Kraus N, Anderson S (2013) The effects of aging on auditory processing. Hearing Journal. 66(1): 36.

Kraus N, Anderson S (2013) In older adults, the brain can still be trained to hear in noise. Hearing Journal. 66(5): 32.

Special Interests

Skoe E, Krizman J, Kraus N (2013) The impoverished brain: disparities in maternal education affect the neural response to sound. Journal of Neuroscience. 33(44): 17221–17231.

Kraus N, Anderson S (2013) The auditory-cognitive system: To screen or not to screen. Hearing Journal. 66(7): 36.

Skoe E, Krizman J, Spitzer E, Kraus N (2013) The auditory brainstem is a barometer of rapid auditory learning. Neuroscience. 243: 104-114.

Hornickel J, Lin D, Kraus N (2013) Speech-evoked auditory brainstem responses reflect familial and cognitive influences. Developmental Science. 16(1): 101-110.

Anderson S, Kraus N (2013) The potential role of the cABR in assessment and management of hearing impairment. International Journal of Otolaryngology.

Tierney A, Strait DL, O'Connell S, Kraus N (2013) Developmental changes in resting gamma power from age three to adulthood. Clinical Neurophysiology. 124(5): 1040-2.

Zecker S, Hoffman H, Frisina R, Dubno J, Dhar S, Wallhagen M, Kraus N, Griffith JW, Walton JP, Eddins DA, Newman C, Victorson D, Warrier CM, Wilson RH (2013) Audition assessment using the NIH Toolbox. Neurology. 80: S45-S48.

 

2012  top

Music

Parbery-Clark A, Anderson S, Hittner E, Kraus N (2012) Musical experience strengthens the neural representation of sounds important for communication in middle-aged adults. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience. 4(30): 1-12.

Strait DL, Parbery-Clark A, Hittner E, Kraus N (2012) Musical training during early childhood enhances the neural encoding of speech in noise. Brain and Language. 123: 191–201.

Skoe E, Kraus N (2012) A little goes a long way: how the adult brain is shaped by musical training in childhood. Journal of Neuroscience. 32(34): 11507–11510.

Kraus, N (2012) Biological impact of music and software-based auditory training. Journal of Communication Disorders. 45: 403–410.

Parbery-Clark A, Tierney A, Strait DL, Kraus N (2012) Musicians have fine-tuned neural distinction of speech syllables. Neuroscience. 219:111-119.

Parbery-Clark A, Anderson S, Hittner E, Kraus N (2012) Musical experience offsets age-related delays in neural timing. Neurobiology of Aging. 33: 1483.e1–1483.e4.

Strait DL, Chan K, Ashley R, Kraus N (2012) Specialization among the specialized: auditory brainstem function is tuned in to timbre. Cortex. 48: 360-362.

Kraus N, Strait D, Parbery-Clark A (2012) Cognitive factors shape brain networks for auditory skills: spotlight on auditory working memory. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences: The Neurosciences and Music IV. 1252: 100-107.

Speech in Noise; Reading

Hornickel J, Zecker S, Bradlow A, Kraus N (2012) Assistive listening devices drive neuroplasticity in children with dyslexia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 109(41): 16731–16736.

Hornickel et al. (2012) Supplemental

Commentary by P. Tallal

Hornickel J, Kraus N (2012) Breaking news: cABR can predict auditory-based communication skills. Hearing Journal. 65(9): 28-30.

Kraus N, Anderson S (2012) Hearing matters: hearing with our brains. Hearing Journal. 65(9): 48.

Anderson S, Kraus N (2012) cABR: a neural probe of speech-in-noise processing. Proceedings of ISAAR 2011: Speech perception and auditory disorders. 3rd International Symposium on Auditory and Audiological Research. August 2011, Nyborg, DK. Dau T, Jepsen ML, Cristensen-Dalsgaard J, Poulsen T, eds.

Song J, Skoe E, Banai K, Kraus N (2012) Training to improve hearing speech in noise: biological mechanisms. Cerebral Cortex. 22: 1180-1190.

Kraus N (2012) Atypical brain oscillations: a biological basis of dyslexia? Trends in Cognitive Sciences. 16(1): 12-13.

Hornickel J, Anderson S, Skoe E, Yi H, Kraus N (2012) Subcortical representation of speech fine structure relates to reading ability. NeuroReport. 23(1): 6-9.

Chandrasekaran B, Kraus N (2012) Biological factors contributing to reading ability: subcortical auditory function. Developmental Dyslexia: Early Precursors, Neurobehavioral Markers and Biological Substrates. 83-98. Benasich AA, Fitch R, eds. Brookes Publishing Company, Baltimore, MD.

Kraus N, Hornickel J (2012). cABR: a biological probe of auditory processing. In Auditory Processing Disorders: Assessment, Management and Treatment, Second Edition, Donna Geffner and Deborah Ross-Swain (Eds.)

Kraus N, Hornickel J (2012). Meaningful engagement with sound for strengthening communication skills. Auditory Processing Disorders: Assessment, Management and Treatment. 2nd Edition: 689-717. Geffner D, Ross-Swain D, eds. Plural Publishing, San Diego, CA.

Special Interests

Kraus N, Anderson S (2012) cABR may improve hearing aid outcomes. Hearing Journal. 65(11): 56.

Anderson S, Parbery-Clark A, White-Schwoch T, Kraus N (2012) Aging affects neural precision of speech encoding. Journal of Neuroscience. 32(41): 14156-14164.

Krizman J, Marian V, Shook A, Skoe E, Kraus N (2012) Subcortical encoding of sound is enhanced in bilinguals and relates to executive function advantages. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 109(20): 7877-7881.

Hornickel J, Knowles E, Kraus N (2012) Test-retest consistency of speech-evoked auditory brainstem responses in typically-developing children. Hearing Research. 284(1-2): 52-58.

Hornickel J, Knowles E, Kraus N (2012) Reliability of the auditory brainstem responses to speech over one year in school-age children: a reply to Drs. McFarland and Cacace. Hearing Research. 287(1-2): 3-5

Krizman J, Skoe E, Kraus N (2012) Sex differences in auditory subcortical function. Clinical Neurophysiology. 123: 590-597.

Chandrasekaran B, Kraus N, Wong PCM (2012) Human inferior colliculus activity relates to individual differences in spoken language learning. Journal of Neurophysiology. 107(5): 1325-1336.

 

2011  top

Music

Parbery-Clark A, Strait DL, Kraus N (2011) Context-dependent encoding in the auditory brainstem subserves enhanced speech-in-noise perception in musicians. Neuropsychologia. 49: 3338–3345.

Strait DL, Hornickel J, Kraus N (2011) Subcortical processing of speech regularities predicts reading and music aptitude in children. Behavioral and Brain Functions. 7(44).

Strait DL, Kraus N (2011) Playing music for a smarter ear: cognitive, perceptual and neurobiological evidence. Music Perception. 29(2): 133-146.

Kraus N (2011) Musical training gives edge in auditory processing. Hearing Journal. 64(2): 10-16.

Marmel F, Parbery-Clark A, Skoe E, Nicol T, Kraus N (2011) Harmonic relationships influence auditory brainstem encoding of chords. NeuroReport. 22: 504–508.

Parbery-Clark A, Strait DL, Anderson S, Hittner E, Kraus N (2011) Musical experience and the aging auditory system: implications for cognitive abilities and hearing speech in noise. PLoS One. 6(5): e18082.

Strait DL, Kraus N (2011) Can you hear me now? Musical training shapes functional brain networks for selective auditory attention and hearing speech in noise. Frontiers in Psychology. 2(113).

Skoe E, Kraus N (2011) Human subcortical auditory function provides a new conceptual framework for considering modularity: a commentary of Isabelle Peretz’ keynote paper “Music, language and modularity in action.” Language and Music as Cognitive Systems. 269-282. Rebuschat P, Rohrmeier M, Hawkins J, Cross I, eds. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.

Speech in Noise; Reading

Tierney A, Parbery-Clark A, Skoe E, Kraus N (2011) Frequency-dependent effects of background noise on subcortical response timing. Hearing Research. 282: 145-150.

Anderson S, Parbery-Clark A, Yi H, Kraus N (2011) A neural basis of speech-in-noise perception in older adults. Ear and Hearing. 32(6): 750-757.

Hornickel J, Chandrasekaran B, Zecker S, Kraus N (2011) Auditory brainstem measures predict reading and speech-in-noise perception in school-aged children. Behavioural Brain Research. 216: 597-605

Song J, Skoe E, Banai K, Kraus N (2011) Perception of speech in noise: neural correlates. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 23(9): 2268–2279.

Parbery-Clark A, Marmel F, Bair J, Kraus N (2011) What subcortical-cortical relationships tell us about processing speech in noise. European Journal of Neuroscience. 33: 549–557

Anderson S, Kraus N (2011) Neural encoding of speech and music: implications for hearing speech in noise. Seminars in Hearing. 32: 129-141.

Hornickel J, Kraus N (2011) Objective biological measures for the assessment and management of auditory processing disorder. Current Pediatric Reviews. 7(3): 252-261.

Special Interests

Warrier C, Nicol T, Abrams D, Kraus N (2011) Inferior colliculus contributions to phase encoding of stop consonants in an animal model. Hearing Research. 282: 108-118.

Kraus N (2011) Listening in on the listening brain. Physics Today. 64(6): 40-45.

Also available in Chinese

Abrams D, Nicol T, Zecker S, Kraus N (2011) A possible role for a paralemniscal auditory pathway in the coding of slow temporal information. Hearing Research. 272: 125-34.

Skoe E, Nicol T, Kraus N (2011) Cross-phaseogram: objective neural index of speech sound differentiation. Journal of Neuroscience Methods. 196: 308–317.

Song J, Nicol T, Kraus N (2011) Test-retest reliability of the speech-evoked auditory brainstem response. Clinical Neurophysiology. 122: 346-355.

 

2010  top

Music

Kraus N, Chandrasekaran B (2010) Music training for the development of auditory skills. Nature Reviews Neuroscience. 11:599-605.

Chandrasekaran B, Kraus N (2010) Music, noise-exclusion, and learning. Music Perception. 27(4): 297-306.

Strait DL, Kraus N, Parbery-Clark A, Ashley R (2010) Musical experience shapes top-down auditory mechanisms: evidence from masking and auditory attention performance. Hearing Research. 261: 22-29.

Kraus N, Nicol T (2010) The musician's auditory world. Acoustics Today. 6(3): 15-27.

Skoe E, Kraus N (2010) Hearing it again and again: on-line subcortical plasticity in humans. PLoS One. 5(10): e13645.

Speech in Noise; Reading

Anderson S, Skoe E, Chandrasekaran B, Kraus N (2010) Neural timing is linked to speech perception in noise. Journal of Neuroscience. 30(14): 4922-4926.

Anderson S, Skoe E, Chandrasekaran B, Zecker S, Kraus N (2010) Brainstem correlates of speech-in-noise perception in children. Hearing Research. 270:151-157.

Anderson S, Chandrasekaran B, Yi H, Kraus N (2010) Cortical-evoked potentials reflect speech-in-noise perception in children. European Journal of Neuroscience. 32:1407-1413.

Anderson S, Kraus N (2010) Sensory-cognitive interaction in the neural encoding of speech in noise: a review. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology. 21:575–585.

Anderson S, Kraus N (2010) Objective neural indices of speech-in-noise perception. Trends in Amplification. 14:73-83.

Special Interests

Skoe E, Kraus N (2010) Auditory brainstem response to complex sounds: a tutorial. Ear and Hearing. 31(3): 302-324.

Listen to the brainstem stimuli

Chandrasekaran B, Kraus N (2010) The scalp-recorded brainstem response to speech: neural origins. Psychophysiology. 47: 236-246.

Krizman J, Skoe E, Kraus N (2010) Stimulus rate and subcortical auditory processing of speech. Audiology Neurotology. 15: 332-342.

Russo NM, Hornickel J, Nicol T, Zecker S, and Kraus N (2010) Biological changes in auditory function following training in children with autism spectrum disorders. Behavioral and Brain Functions. 6(60).

Abrams D, Nicol T, Zecker S, Kraus N (2010) Rapid acoustic processing in the auditory brainstem is not related to cortical asymmetry for the syllable rate of speech. Clinical Neurophysiology. 121(8): 1343-1350.

Wang JQ, Nicol T, Skoe E, Sams M, Kraus N (2010) Emotion and the auditory brainstem responses to speech. Neuroscience Letters. 469(3): 319-23.

Kraus N, Banai K (2010) Listening, literacy and the neural transcription of sound. Proceedings of the First International Virtual Conference on FM: Access, Achieving Clear Communication, Employing Sound Solutions. 9-26. DeConde Johnson C, Lewis D, Mulder H, Thibodeau L, eds.

 

2009  top

Reading; Speech in Noise

Chandrasekaran B, Hornickel J, Skoe E, Nicol T, Kraus N (2009) Context-dependent encoding in the human auditory brainstem relates to hearing speech in noise: Implications for developmental dyslexia. Neuron. 64: 311-319.

Hornickel J, Skoe E, Nicol T, Zecker S, Kraus N (2009) Subcortical differentiation of voiced stop consonants: relationships to reading and speech in noise perception. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science. 106(31): 13022–13027.

Abrams D, Nicol T, Zecker S, Kraus N (2009) Abnormal cortical processing of the syllable rate of speech in poor readers. Journal of Neuroscience. 29: 7686-7693.

Banai K, Hornickel JM, Skoe E, Nicol T, Zecker S, Kraus N (2009) Reading and subcortical auditory function. Cerebral Cortex. 19(11): 2699-2707.

Music

Parbery-Clark A, Skoe E, Kraus N (2009) Musical experience limits the degradative effects of background noise on the neural processing of sound. Journal of Neuroscience. 29: 14100-14107.

Parbery-Clark A, Skoe E, Lam C, Kraus N (2009) Musician enhancement for speech in noise. Ear and Hearing. 30(6): 653-661.

Lee KM, Skoe E, Kraus N, Ashley R (2009) Selective subcortical enhancement of musical intervals in musicians. Journal of Neuroscience. 29(18): 5832-5840.

Strait DL, Skoe E, Ashley R, Kraus N (2009) Musical experience promotes subcortical efficiency in processing emotional vocal sounds. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences: Neurosciences and Music III. 1169: 209-213.

Strait DL, Skoe E, Kraus N, Ashley R (2009) Musical experience and neural efficiency: effects of training on subcortical processing of vocal expressions of emotion. European Journal of Neuroscience. 29: 661-668.

Kraus N, Skoe E (2009) New directions: cochlear implants. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences: Neurosciences and Music III. 1169: 516-517.

Kraus N, Skoe E, Parbery-Clark A, Ashley R (2009) Experience-induced malleability in neural encoding of pitch, timbre and timing: implications for language and music. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences: Neurosciences and Music III. 1169: 543-557.

Reviews

Tzounopoulos T, Kraus N (2009) Learning to encode timing: mechanisms of plasticity in the auditory brainstem. Neuron. 62(4): 463-469.

Abrams D, Kraus N (2009) Auditory pathway representation of speech sounds in humans. Handbook of Clinical Audiology. 6th edition: 611-626. Katz J, Hood L, Burkard R, Medwetsky L, eds. Wolters Kluwer, Alphen aan den Rijn, Netherlands.

Kraus N, Nicol T (2009) Auditory evoked potentials. Encyclopedia of Neuroscience. 214-218. Binder MD, Hirokawa N, Windhorst U, eds. Springer Science+Business Media, Berlin, Germany.

Special Interests

Russo NM, Zecker S, Trommer B, Chen J, Kraus N (2009) Effects of background noise on cortical encoding of speech in autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 39: 1185-1196.

Russo NM, Nicol T, Trommer BL, Zecker S, Kraus N (2009) Brainstem transcription of speech is disrupted in children with autism spectrum disorders. Developmental Science. 12(4): 557–567.

Dhar S, Abel R, Hornickel J, Nicol T, Skoe E, Zhao W, Kraus N (2009) Exploring the relationship between physiological measures of cochlear and brainstem function. Clinical Neurophysiology. 120: 959-966.

Musacchia G, Arum L, Garstecki D, Nicol T, Kraus N (2009) Audiovisual deficits in older adults with hearing impairment: biological evidence. Ear and Hearing. 30(5): 505-514.

Warrier C, Wong PCM, Penhune V, Zatorre R, Parrish T, Abrams D, Kraus N (2009) Relating structure to function: Heschl's Gyrus and acoustic processing. Journal of Neuroscience. 29(1): 61–69.

Wang JQ, Nicol T, Skoe E, Sams M, Kraus N (2009) Emotion modulates early auditory response to speech. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 21(11): 2121–2128.

Hornickel JM, Skoe E, Kraus N (2009) Subcortical lateralization of speech encoding. Audiology and Neurotology. 14: 198-207.

 

2008  top

Johnson KL, Nicol TG, Zecker SG, Bradlow A, Skoe E, Kraus N (2008) Brainstem encoding of voiced consonant-vowel stop syllables. Clinical Neurophysiology. 119: 2623-2635.

Banai K, Kraus N (2008) The dynamic brainstem: implications for APD. Current controversies in central auditory processing disorder. 269-289. McFarland D, Cacace A, eds. Plural Publishing, San Diego, CA.

Musacchia G, Strait D, Kraus N (2008) Relationships between behavior, brainstem and cortical encoding of seen and heard speech in musicians and nonmusicians. Hearing Research. 241: 34-42.

Russo NM, Larson C, Kraus N (2008) Audio-vocal system regulation in children with autism spectrum disorders. Experimental Brain Research. 188: 111-124.

Johnson KL, Nicol T, Kraus N (2008) Developmental plasticity in the human auditory brainstem. Journal of Neuroscience. 28(15): 4000-4007.

Abrams D, Nicol T, Zecker S, Kraus N (2008) Right-hemisphere auditory cortex is dominant for coding syllable patterns in speech. Journal of Neuroscience. 28(15): 3958-3965.

Song JH, Banai K, Kraus N (2008) Brainstem timing deficits in children with learning impairment may result from corticofugal origins. Audiology Neuro-Otolology. 13: 335-344.

Stegemöller EL, Skoe E, Nicol T, Warrier C, Kraus N (2008) Musical training and vocal production of speech and song. Music Perception. 25(5): 419-428.

Russo NM, Bradlow AR, Skoe E, Trommer BL, Nicol T, Zecker S, Kraus N (2008) Deficient brainstem encoding of pitch in children with autism spectrum disorders. Clinical Neurophysiology. 119(8): 1720-1731.

Read editorial on article by Gary Galbraith, Ph.D.

Song JH, Skoe E, Wong PCM, Kraus N (2008) Plasticity in the adult human auditory brainstem following short-term linguistic training. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 20(10): 1892-1902.

 

2007 top

Musacchia G, Sams M, Skoe E, Kraus N (2007) Musicians have enhanced subcortical auditory and audiovisual processing of speech and music. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science. 104(40): 15894-15898.

Wong PCM, Skoe E, Russo NM, Dees T, Kraus N (2007) Musical experience shapes human brainstem encoding of linguistic pitch patterns. Nature Neuroscience. 10: 420-422.

Wong et al. (2007) Supplemental.

Johnson K, Nicol T, Zecker S, Kraus N (2007) Auditory brainstem correlates of perceptual timing deficits. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 19: 376-385.

Banai K, Abrams D, Kraus N (2007) Speech evoked brainstem responses and sensory-based accounts of learning disability. International Journal of Audiology. 46: 524-532.

Kraus N, Banai K (2007) Auditory processing malleability: focus on language and music. Current Directions in Psychological Science. 16: 105-109.

 

2006  top

Abrams A, Nicol T, Zecker S, Kraus N (2006) Auditory brainstem timing predicts cerebral dominance for speech sounds. Journal of Neuroscience. 26: 11131-11137.

Song JH, Banai K, Russo NM, Kraus N (2006) On the relationship between speech and nonspeech evoked auditory brainstem responses. Audiology and Neuro-Otology. 11: 233-241.

Musacchia GE, Sams M, Nicol TG, Kraus N (2006) Seeing speech affects acoustic information processing in the human brainstem. Experimental Brain Research. 168: 1-10.

Banai K, Kraus N (2006) Neurobiology of (central) auditory processing disorder and language-based learning disability. Handbook of Central Auditory Processing Disorder, Volume I: Auditory Neuroscience and Diagnosis 2nd edition: 89-116. Chermak GD, Musiek FE, eds. Plural Publishing, San Diego, CA.

 

2005  top

Banai K, Nicol T, Zecker S, Kraus N (2005) Brainstem timing: implications for cortical processing and literacy. Journal of Neuroscience. 25(43): 9850-9857.

Johnson KL, Nicol T, Kraus N (2005) The brainstem response to speech: a biological marker. Ear and Hearing. 26(5): 424-433.

Kraus N, Nicol T (2005) Brainstem origins for cortical "what" and "where" pathways in the auditory system. Trends in Neurosciences. 28: 176-181.

Wible B, Nicol T, Kraus N (2005) Correlation between brainstem and cortical auditory processes in normal and language-impaired children. Brain. 128: 417-423.

Russo N, Nicol T, Zecker S, Hayes E, Kraus N (2005) Auditory training improves neural timing in the human brainstem. Behavioral Brain Research. 156: 95-103.

Nicol T, Kraus N (2005) How can the neural encoding and perception of speech be improved? Plasticity and Signal Representation in the Auditory System. 259-270. Merzenich M, Syka J, eds. Springer Publishing, New York, NY.

Wible B, Nicol T, Kraus N (2005) Encoding of complex sounds in an animal model: implications for understanding speech perception in humans. Auditory Cortex: Towards a Synthesis of Human and Animal Research. 241-254. Konig R, Heil P, Budinger E, Scheich H, eds. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Mahwah, NJ.

 

2004  top

Warrier CM, Johnson KL, Hayes E, Nicol T, Kraus N (2004) Learning impaired children exhibit timing deficits and training-related improvements in auditory cortical responses to speech in noise. Experimental Brain Research. 157: 431-441.

Wible B, Nicol T, Kraus N (2004) Atypical brainstem representation of onset and formant structure of speech sounds in children with language-based learning problems. Biological Psychology. 67: 299-317.

Russo N, Nicol T, Musacchia G, Kraus, N (2004) Brainstem responses to speech syllables. Clinical Neurophysiology. 115: 2021-2030.

Nicol T, Kraus N (2004) Speech-sound encoding: physiological manifestations and behavioral ramifications. Clinical Neurophysiology Supplement. 57: 624-630.

 

2003  top

Hayes E, Tiippana K, Nicol T, Sams M, Kraus N (2003) Integration of heard and seen speech: a factor in learning disabilities in children. Neuroscience Letters. 351: 46-50.

Kraus N, Nicol T (2003) Aggregate neural responses to speech sounds in the central auditory system. Speech Communication. 41: 35-47.

Hayes E, Warrier CM, Nicol T, Zecker SG, Kraus N (2003) Neural plasticity following auditory training in children with learning problems. Clinical Neurophysiology. 114: 673-684.

Bradlow AR, Kraus N, Hayes E (2003) Speaking clearly for children with learning disabilities: sentence perception in noise. Journal of Speech Language and Hearing Research. 46: 80-97.

 

2002  top

Firszt J, Chambers R, Kraus N, Reeder R (2002) Neurophysiology of cochlear implant users I: effects of stimulus current level and electrode site on the electrical ABR, MLR and N1-P2 response. Ear and Hearing. 23: 502-515

Firszt J, Chambers R, Kraus N (2002) Neurophysiology of cochlear implant users II: comparison among speech perception, dynamic range and physiological measures. Ear and Hearing. 23: 516-531.

Tremblay KL, Kraus N (2002) Auditory training induces asymmetrical changes in cortical neural activity. Journal of Speech and Language Hearing Research. 45: 564-572.

Wible B, Nicol TG, Kraus N (2002) Abnormal neural encoding of repeated speech stimuli in noise in children with learning problems. Clinical Neurophysiology. 113: 485-494.

King C, Warrier CM, Hayes E, Kraus N (2002) Deficits in auditory brainstem encoding of speech sounds in children with learning problems. Neuroscience Letters. 319: 111-115.

Cunningham J, Nicol T, King CD, Zecker SG, Kraus N (2002) Effects of noise and cue enhancement on neural responses to speech in auditory midbrain, thalamus and cortex. Hearing Research. 169: 97-111.

Tremblay K, Kraus N (2002) Beyond the ear: central auditory plasticity. Otorhinolaringology Reviews. 52: 93-100.

 

2001  top

Cunningham J, Nicol T, Zecker SG, Bradlow A, Kraus N (2001) Neurobiologic responses to speech in noise in children with learning problems: deficits and strategies for improvement. Clinical Neurophysiology. 112: 758-767.

Tremblay K, Kraus N, McGee TJ, Ponton CW, Otis B (2001) Central auditory plasticity: changes in the N1-P2 complex after speech-sound training. Ear and Hearing. 22: 79-90.

McGee T, King C, Tremblay K, Nicol TG, Cunningham J, Kraus N (2001) Long-term habituation of the speech-elicited mismatch negativity. Psychophysiology. 38: 653-658.

Kraus N (2001) Auditory pathway encoding and neural plasticity in children with learning problems. Audiology Neuro-Otology. 6: 221-227.

Kraus N (2001) Auditory neuropathy: an historical and current perspective. Auditory neuropathy: A new perspective on hearing disorders.. 1-14. Sininger Y, Starr A, eds. Singular Thomson Learning, London, UK.

 

2000  top

Cunningham J, Nicol T, Zecker S, Kraus N (2000) Speech-evoked neurophysiologic responses in children with learning problems: development and behavioral correlates of perception. Ear and Hearing. 21: 554-568.

Kraus N, Cheour M (2000) Speech sound representation in the brain. Audiology Neuro-Otology. 5: 140-150.

Bellis TJ, Nicol T, Kraus N (2000) Aging affects hemispheric asymmetry in the neural representation of speech sounds. Journal of Neuroscience. 20: 791-797.

Cheour M, Leppanen PH, Kraus, N (2000) Mismatch negativity (MMN) as a tool for investigating auditory discrimination and sensory memory in infants and children. Clinical Neurophysiology. 111: 4-16.

Allen J, Kraus N, Bradlow AR (2000) Neural representation of consciously imperceptible speech-sound differences. Perceptual Psychophysiology. 62: 1383-1393.

Kraus N, Bradlow AR, Cheatham MA, Cunningham J, King C, Koch DB, Nicol T, McGee T, Stein L, Wright B (2000) Consequences of neural asynchrony: a case of auditory neuropathy. Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology. 1: 33-45.

 

1999-1990 top

Kraus N, Koch DB, McGee TJ, Nicol TG, Cunningham J (1999) Speech-sound discrimination in school-age children: psychophysical and neurophysiologic measures. Journal of Speech and Language Hearing Research. 42: 1042-1060.

Bradlow AR, Kraus N, Nicol TG, McGee TJ, Cunningham J, Zecker SG, Carrell TD (1999) Effects of lengthened formant transition duration on discrimination and neural representation of synthetic CV syllables by normal and learning-disabled children. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 106: 2086-2096.

Koch DB, McGee TJ, Bradlow AR, Kraus N (1999) Acoustic-phonetic approach toward understanding neural processes and speech perception. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology. 10: 304-318.

Kraus N (1999) Speech sound perception, neurophysiology, and plasticity. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology. 47: 123-129.

King C, Nicol T, McGee T, Kraus N (1999) Thalamic asymmetry is related to acoustic signal complexity. Neuroscience Letters. 267: 89-92.

Carrell TD, Bradlow AR, Nicol TG, Koch DB, Kraus N (1999) Interactive software for evaluating auditory discrimination. Ear and Hearing. 20: 175-6.

Bradlow A, Koch D, Kraus N, Pisoni D (1999) Effects of talker and lexical variability on speech perception by special populations. Proceedings of the 14th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences. 1956: 1953-1956.

Kraus N (1999) Speech-sound perceptual learning. The Hearing Journal. 52: 64-66.

Kraus N (1999) Learning and perceiving speech sounds. Brain Mechanisms and Disorders in Language Comprehension. 10-11.

Kraus N (1999) Biology of speech-sound perception and linguistic experience. Pathologies of Speech and Language: Advances in Clinical Phonetics and Linguistics. 117-136. Maasen B, Groenen P, eds. Whurr Publishers, London, UK.

Kraus N, McGee TJ, Koch DB (1998) Speech sound representation, perception, and plasticity: a neurophysiologic perceptive. Audiology Neuro-Otology. 3: 168-182.

Tremblay K, Kraus N, McGee T (1998) The time course of auditory perceptual learning: neurophysiological changes during speech-sound training. Neuroreport. 9: 3557-60.

Kraus N, McGee TJ, Koch DB (1998) Speech sound perception and learning: biologic bases. Scandinavian Audiology Supplemental. 49: 7-17.

Harrison R, Kraus N, Lutkenhoner B, Rajan R, Schreiner C, eds (1998) Functional organization and plasticity of the auditory cortex. Audiology and Neuro-Otology. 3.

Kraus N, McGee T, Koch D (1998) Biologic bases of speech-sound perception and learning. Scandinavian Audiology. 27: 7-17.

Tremblay K, Kraus N, Carrell TD, McGee T (1997) Central auditory system plasticity: generalization to novel stimuli following listening training. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 102: 3762-3773.

Sharma A, Kraus N, McGee TJ, Nicol TG (1997) Developmental changes in P1 and N1 central auditory responses elicited by consonant-vowel syllables. Electroencephalography and Clinicial Neurophysiology. 104: 540-545.

McGee T, Kraus N, Nicol T (1997) Is it really a mismatch negativity? An assessment of methods for determining response validity in individual subjects. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology. 104: 359-368.

Jacobson GP, Kraus N, McGee TJ (1997) Hearing as reflected by middle and long latency event-related potentials. Advances in Otorhinolaryngology. 53: 46-84.

Kraus N, McGee TJ, Carrell TD, Zecker SG, Nicol TG, Koch DB (1996) Auditory neurophysiologic responses and discrimination deficits in children with learning problems. Science. 273: 971-973.

McGee T, Kraus N (1996) Auditory development reflected by middle latency response. Ear and Hearing. 17: 419-429.

McGee T, Kraus N, King C, Nicol T, Carrell TD (1996) Acoustic elements of speechlike stimuli are reflected in surface recorded responses over the guinea pig temporal lobe. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 99: 3606-3614.

Kraus N (1996) The discriminating brain. The Hearing Journal. 49: 10-14.

Stein L, Tremblay K, Pasternak J, Banerjee S, Lindemann K, Kraus N (1996) Brainstem abnormalities in neonates with normal otoacoustic emissions. Seminars in Hearing. 17: 197-213.

Kraus N, McGee T, Carrell T, Sharma A, Nicol T (1995) Mismatch negativity to speech stimuli in school-age children. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology. Supplement 44: 211-7.

Kraus N, McGee T (1995) The middle latency response generating system. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology. Supplement 44: 93-101.

King C, McGee T, Rubel EW, Nicol T, Kraus N (1995) Acoustic features and acoustic changes are represented by different central pathways. Hearing Research. 85: 45-52.

Kraus N, McGee T, Carrell T, King C, Tremblay K (1995) Central auditory system plasticity associated with speech discrimination training. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 7: 27-34.

Kraus N, McGee T, Carrell TD, Sharma A (1995) Neurophysiologic bases of speech discrimination. Ear and Hearing. 16: 19-37.

Micco AG, Kraus N, Koch DB, McGee TJ, Carrell TD, Sharma A, Nicol T, Wiet RJ (1995) Speech-evoked cognitive P300 potentials in cochlear implant recipients. American Journal of Otology. 16: 514-20.

Stein L, Kraus N, McGee T, Koch DB (1995) New developments in the clinical application of auditory evoked potentials with children with multiple handicaps. Scandinavian Audiology Supplemental. 41: 18-30.

Kraus N, McGee T, Carrell T, Sharma A, Nicol T (1995) Mismatch negativity to speech stimuli in school-age children. Perspectives of Event-Related Potentials Research. 211-217. Karmos G, Molnar M, Csepe V, Czigler I, Desmedt J, eds. Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Kraus N, McGee T (1995) The generating system underlying the middle latency response. Perspectives of Event-Related Potentials Research. 93-101. Karmos G, Molnar M, Csepe V, Czigler I, Desmedt J, eds. Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Kraus N, Näätänen R, eds. (1995) Mismatch negativity as an index of central auditory function. Ear and Hearing Special Issue.

Kraus N, McGee T, Littman T, Nicol T, King C (1994) Nonprimary auditory thalamic representation of acoustic change. Journal of Neurophysiology. 72: 1270-7.

Kraus N, McGee T (1994) Auditory event-related potentials. Handbook of Clinical Audiology. 4th edition: 403-423. Katz J, ed. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, MD.

Littman T, Kraus N, McGee T, Nicol T (1994) Binaural response patterns in subdivisions of the medial geniculate body. Brain Research. 640: 286-95.

Sharma A, Kraus N, Nicol T, Carrell T, McGee T (1994) Physiological bases of pitch and place of articulation perception: a case study. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 95: 3011.

Kraus N, McGee T, Carrell T, King C, Littman T, Nicol T (1994) Discrimination of speech-like contrasts in the auditory thalamus and cortex. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 96: 2758-68.

Kraus N, Kileny P, McGee T (1994) The MLR: clinical and theoretical principles. Handbook of Clinical Audiology. 4th edition: 387-402. Katz J, ed. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, MD.

Kraus N, McGee T (1994) Mismatch negativity in the assessment of central auditory function. American Journal of Audiology. 3(2): 39-51.

Sharma A, Kraus N, McGee T, Carrell T, Nicol T (1993) Acoustic versus phonetic representation of speech as reflected by the mismatch negativity event-related potential. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology. 88: 64-71.

Kraus N, McGee T (1993) Clinical implications of primary and nonprimary pathway contributions to the middle latency response generating system. Ear and Hearing. 14: 36-48.

Kraus N, Micco AG, Koch DB, McGee T, Carrell T, Sharma A, Wiet RJ, Weingarten CZ (1993) The mismatch negativity cortical evoked potential elicited by speech in cochlear-implant users. Hearing Research. 65: 118-24.

McGee T, Kraus N, Killion M, Rosenberg R, King C (1993) Improving the reliability of the auditory middle latency response by monitoring EEG delta activity. Ear and Hearing. 14: 76-84.

Kraus N, McGee T, Ferre J, Hoeppner JA, Carrell T, Sharma A, Nicol T (1993) Mismatch negativity in the neurophysiologic/behavioral evaluation of auditory processing deficits: a case study. Ear and Hearing. 14: 223-34.

Kraus N, McGee T, Carrell T, Sharma A, Micco A, Nicol T (1993) Speech evoked cortical potentials in children. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology. 4: 238-48.

Kraus N, McGee T, Micco A, Sharma A, Carrell T, Nicol T (1993) Mismatch negativity in school-age children to speech stimuli that are just perceptibly different. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology. 88: 123-30.

Kraus N, McGee T (1993) The auditory middle latency response. The Principles and Applications in Auditory Evoked Potentials. 155-178. Jacobson J, ed. Allyn, Bacon, Simon, Shuster, Needham Heights, MA.

Kraus N, McGee T, Sharma A, Carrell T, Nicol T (1992) Mismatch negativity event-related potential elicited by speech stimuli. Ear and Hearing. 13: 158-64.

Kraus N, McGee T, Littman T, Nicol T (1992) Reticular formation influences on primary and non-primary auditory pathways as reflected by the middle latency response. Brain Research. 587: 186-94.

McGee T, Kraus N, Littman T, Nicol T (1992) Contributions of medial geniculate body subdivisions to the middle latency response. Hearing Research. 61: 147-54.

Littman T, Kraus N, McGee T, Nicol T (1992) Binaural stimulation reveals functional differences between midline and temporal components of the middle latency response in guinea pigs. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology. 84: 362-72.

Kraus N, McGee T (1992) Electrophysiology of the human auditory system. The Mammalian Auditory System, Volume II. 335-404. Popper A, Fay R, eds. Springer Publishing, New York, NY.

Toleikis R, Kraus N (1992) Effects of anesthetics on auditory evoked potentials. Intraoperative auditory monitoring perspectives and techniques. Academy of Otolaryngology 49-56. Wiet R, ed.

McGee T, Kraus N, Comperatore C, Nicol T (1991) Subcortical and cortical components of the MLR generating system. Brain Research. 544: 211-20.

McGee T, Kraus N, Nicol T, Littman T (1991) Contributions of the subcomponents of the medial geniculate body on the MLR. Hearing Research. 61: 147-154.

Kraus N, McGee T (1990) Topographic mapping of the auditory middle latency response. Advances in Audiology Volume VI: Auditory Evoked Magnetic Fields and Potentials. 141-164. Hoke M, Grandori F, Romani GL, eds. Karger Publishers, Basel, Switzerland.

Kraus N, McGee T (1990) Clinical applications of the middle latency response. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology. 1: 130-3.

Kraus N, McGee T (1990) Topographic images of the auditory middle latency response. Advances in Audiology Volume VI: Auditory Evoked Magnetic Fields and Potentials. Grandori F, Hoke M, Romani G, eds. Karger Publishers, Basel, Switzerland.

 

1989 and earlier  top

Kraus N, McGee T, Comperatore C (1989) MLRs in children are consistently present during wakefulness, stage 1, and REM sleep. Ear and Hearing. 10: 339-45.

Kraus N, Jacobson S, McGee T, Stark C (1988) Multichannel intracranial recording device using a color imaging brain mapping system. Brain Topography. 1: 61-64.

McGee T, Kraus N, Manfredi C (1988) Toward a strategy for analyzing the auditory middle-latency response waveform. Audiology. 27: 119-30.

McGee TJ, Kraus N, Wolters C (1988) Viewing the audiogram through a mathematical model. Ear and Hearing. 9: 153-156.

Smith DI, Kraus N (1988) Intracranial and extracranial recordings of the auditory middle latency response. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology. 71: 296-303.

Kraus N, Smith DI, McGee T (1988) Midline and temporal lobe MLRs in the guinea pig originate from different generator systems: a conceptual framework for new and existing data. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology. 70: 541-58.

Kraus N, McGee T (1988) Color imaging of the human middle latency response. Ear and Hearing. 9: 159-67.

Kraus N, Smith DI, McGee T, Stein L, Cartee C (1987) Development of the middle latency response in an animal model and its relation to the human response. Hearing Research. 27: 165-76.

Smith DI, Kraus N (1987) Postnatal development of the auditory brainstem response: (ABR) in the unanesthetized gerbil. Hearing Research. 27: 157-64.

Kraus N, Smith DI, McGee T (1987) Rate and filter effects on the developing middle-latency response. Audiology. 26: 257-68.

Kraus N, Reed N, Smith DI, Stein L, Cartee C (1987) High-pass filter settings affect the detectability of MLRs in humans. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology. 68: 234-6.

Smith DI, Kraus N (1987) Effects of chloral hydrate, pentobarbital, ketamine, and curare on the auditory middle latency response. American Journal of Otolaryngology. 8: 241-8.

Stein L, Kraus N (1987) Auditory evoked potentials and the multi-handicapped patient. The ABR.. 337-349. Jacobson J, ed. College Hill Press, San Diego, CA.

Özdamar Ö, Kraus N, Grossmann J (1986) Binaural interaction in the auditory middle latency response of the guinea pig. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology. 63: 476-83.

Kraus N, Smith DI, McGee T, Stein L (1986) Development of the MLR in humans corresponds closely to an animal model. Proceedings, International Congress on Auditory Evoked Potentials. New York City, NY.

Kraus N, Smith DI, Grossmann J (1985) Cortical mapping of the auditory middle latency response in the unanesthetized guinea pig. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology. 62: 219-26.

Stein L, Kraus N (1985) Auditory evoked potentials and the multiply handicapped patient. The ABR. 337-349. Jacobson J, ed. College Hill Press, San Diego, CA.

Kraus N, Smith DI, Reed NL, Stein LK, Cartee C (1985) Auditory middle latency responses in children: effects of age and diagnostic category. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology. 62: 343-51.

Kraus N, Smith DI, Reed NL, Willott J, Erwin J (1985) Auditory brainstem and middle latency responses in non-human primates. Hearing Research. 17: 219-26.

Kraus N, Özdamar Ö, Heydemann PT, Stein L, Reed NL (1984) Auditory brain-stem responses in hydrocephalic patients. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology. 59: 310-7.

Kraus N, Özdamar Ö, Stein L, Reed N (1984) Absent auditory brain stem response: peripheral hearing loss or brain stem dysfunction? Laryngoscope. 94: 400-6.

Özdamar Ö, Kraus N (1983) Auditory middle-latency responses in humans. Audiology. 22: 34-49.

Özdamar Ö, Kraus N (1983) Auditory brainstem response in infants recovering from bacterial meningitis: Neurologic assessment. Archives of Neurology. 40: 499-502.

Stein L, Özdamar Ö, Kraus N, Paton J (1983) Follow-up of infants screened by auditory brainstem response in the neonatal intensive care unit. Journal of Pediatrics. 103: 447-53.

McGee TJ, Özdamar Ö, Kraus N (1983) Auditory middle latency responses in the guinea pig. American Journal of Otolaryngology. 4: 116-22.

Disterhoft JF, Shipley MD, Kraus N (1983) Analyzing the rabbit NM conditioned reflex arc. Conditioning: Representation of Involved Neural Functions. 443-449. Woody CD, ed. Plenum Publishing, New York, NY.

Kraus N, Disterhoft JF (1982) Response plasticity of single neurons in rabbit auditory association cortex during tone-signalled learning. Brain Research. 246: 205-15.

Kraus N, Özdamar Ö, Hier D, Stein L (1982) Auditory middle latency responses (MLRs) in patients with cortical lesions. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology. 54: 275-87.

Özdamar Ö, Kraus N, Curry F (1982) Auditory brain stem and middle latency responses in a patient with cortical deafness. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology. 53: 224-30.

Kraus N, Disterhoft JF (1982) Response plasticity of single neurons in rabbit auditory association cortex during tone signalled learning. Brain Research. 246: 205-215.

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